Hockey Sense: Installment #8:
When it comes to programming for ice hockey we must ask ourselves…what qualities matter most in sport competition? In other words, what qualities can we train off the ice, that make the most tangible differences on the ice? What abilities make great players great? In order to answer these questions, a good place to start is to look at some of the existing literature and attempt to see what correlates best with on-ice performance.
- (Runner, Lehnhard, Butterfield, Tu, & O'neill, 2016)
Population: Male Collegiate Hockey Players
Key Findings: Only Vertical Jump (not standing broad jump, 1RM Squat or 40-yard dash) was associated with skating speed (fwd. and bwd. 90’ acceleration test).
- (Burr et al., 2008)
Population: 853 Elite Draft Eligible Players (Combine testing as a predictor of hockey playing potential
Key Findings: When eliminating goaltenders using multivariate modeling, peak anaerobic power (Wingate), body fat index and standing long jump appear to be most correlative to playing potential (as opposed to bench press, sit ups, and VJ).
- (Janot, Beltz, & Dalleck, 2015)
Population: Division III Ice Hockey Players
Key Findings: Vertical Jump, 40-yard dash, peak power % drop and 1.5 mile run time were the best predictors ofperformance. In particular the VJ and 40-yard dash were the best predictors of repeat skate performance using the Modified Repeat Skate Sprint Test.
- (Farlinger, Kruisselbrink, & Fowles, 2007)
Population: AA and AAA hockey players
Key Findings: Both the 30-meter sprint and 3 hop jump (as opposed to VJ or BJ) correlated most with on-ice performance (35-meter sprint and cornering S Test)
When looking at the sport of ice hockey the research is debatable as to which off-ice motor abilities correlate with on-ice success. Certainly, sample size, group demographic (youth hockey vs college hockey vs pro), testing methods and time of year all play a role in the results. No doubt testing and monitoring play a major role as well. With questions unanswered, coaches are left wondering what qualities to focus on. In this situation a 1/n approach may be the best way to prepare the players for the demands of the game. 1/n simply means diversifying the portfolio. In economics this done to offset potential loss while maximizing gains. The same basic principle applies in sport preparation. In the coaching world, the 1/n heuristic means diversifying programming to include horizontal force development, vertical force development, strength and power training within the weekly microcylce. This covers most abilities that have moderate to strong correlations to on-ice performance on a weekly basis as it pertains to current research. Thus, minimizing losses while maximizing gains.
Yours in Hockey